Consider the following two situations. Although they are similar, their treatments are exactly…

Consider the following two situations. Although they are
similar, their treatments are exactly opposite. Identify the concept underlying
both treatments, and explain why the concept treats the two situations
differently.

a. Sam is an employee of Dunbar Company. The company
regularly mails salary checks to employees to arrive on or before the last day
of each month. Sam’s regular paycheck arrives at his house on December 31,
2010, but Sam is away on a ski trip and does not return until January 2, 2011.
Sam deposits the check in his bank account the following day. The check is
included in
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Consider the following two situations. Although they are
similar, their treatments are exactly opposite. Identify the concept underlying
both treatments, and explain why the concept treats the two situations
differently.

a. Sam is an employee of Dunbar Company. The company
regularly mails salary checks to employees to arrive on or before the last day
of each month. Sam’s regular paycheck arrives at his house on December 31,
2010, but Sam is away on a ski trip and does not return until January 2, 2011.
Sam deposits the check in his bank account the following day. The check is
included in Sam’s 2010 income.

b. Percy is an employee of Daly Company. In November 2010,
Percy’s position is eliminated in a ‘‘streamlining’’ of company costs. As part
of the cost reduction program, Percy is entitled to severance pay; however, his
boss tells him that it will be 3 or 4 months before the severance payments are
made. The check arrives by mail on December 31, 2010, while Percy is away on a
ski trip. He returns on January 2, 2011, and deposits the check in his bank
account the following day. The severance pay check is not taxable until 2011.

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