diversity and organizations summary and discussion question

According to the ILO (2014a) child labor is strongly and positively related to poverty. An estimated 168 million children, or 11% of the children in the world, are considered to be child laborers (ILO, 2014a). There are 77.7 million child laborers between the ages of 5 and 17 in Asia and the Pacific. There are 59 million child laborers in sub-Saharan Africa. There are 12.5 million child laborers in Latin America and the Caribbean. There are 9.2 million child laborers in the Middle East and Northern Africa (ILO, 2014a).The Minimum Age Convention of 1973 (No. 138) set a minimum employment age at 15 years (13 years for light work) and a minimum age of 18 years for hazardous work conditions (16 years under strict conditions). It also put forth a provision for having a minimum working age of 14 years (and 12 years for light work) in countries where the economy and educational infrastructure are not sufficiently developed (ILO, 2014a). In an effort to further protect the young, the European Union’s Charter of Fundamental Rights reads that hiring children is forbidden. Any person younger than 15 years of age or who is still subject to the national school age compulsory law is considered a child (Kuddo, 2009).The Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention of 1999 (No. 182) defined a child as a person under the age of 18 and laid out rules which require the ratifying states to abolish the worst forms of child labor, including slavery, the sale or trafficking of children, debt bondage, forced labor, the use of children in armed conflicts, child prostitution or pornography, the use of children for trafficking drugs, and other activities that may be harmful to the health, safety, or morals of the child (ILO, 2014a).So far, 165 countries have ratified at least one of these two conventions pertaining to child labor. There is evidence that ratifying these rules results in progress. Brazil ratified the convention documents in 2001, and its child labor rate dropped from 18% in 1992 to less than 7% in 2009. School attendance in Brazil rose from 85% to 97% (ILO, 2014a; Understanding Children’s Work [UCW] Project, 2011).
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NEXT I NEED THIS DISCUSSION QUESTION ANSWERED:
2) Identify an organization that has made hiring people with disabilities a priority not discussed in our reading this week and include a link to the organization. Provide a summary of their initiative. Could their model be used by other employers? Why or why not? Why do you believe organizations are hesitant to hire people with any type of disability?