Ethics & Privacy

Respond to the following 2 questions in a total of 2 full pages following APA guidelines:
1. Youhave been working for the XYZ Computer Corporation as an entry-levelsoftware engineer since you graduated from college last May. You havedone very well so far; you are respected by management, are well likedby your fellow employees, and have been assigned to a team of engineersthat has consistently worked on the most critical and valued projectsand contracts that XYZ Corp. has secured. Their most recent contract isfor a United States defense project involving the missile defensesystem, and again you have been assigned to the team that will developsoftware for this project. However, you are staunchly opposed to theproject’s objectives, so you ask to be reassigned. Your superisor andcoworkers, as well as upper management, are disappointed to learn ofyour strong feelings about this project. You are asked to reconsideryour views, and you are promised a bonus and a substantial pay increaseif you agree to work on this project during the next year. You alsodiscover from a colleague that refusing to work on this project wouldgreatly diminish your career advancement at XYZ and may even make youvulnerable to future layoffs. To compound matters, you and your spouseare expecting your first child in about three months and you recentlypurchased a home. What would you do? Describe the process of ethicaldeliberation that you would undertake in trying to resolve this dilemma.
2.In the days and weeks immediately following the tragic events ofSeptember 22, 2001, some political leaders claimed that extraordinarytimes call for extraordinary measures; in times of war, basic civilliberties and freedoms, such as privacy, need to be severely restrictedfor the sake of national security and safety. Perhaps as a nation, thevalue that we have traditionally attached to privacy has diminishedsignificantly since then. Initially, the majority of American citizensstrongly supported the Patriot Act, which passed by an overwhelmingmargin in both houses of Congre3ss and was enacted into law on October21, 2001. Howevery, between 2001 and 205 support for this act diminishedconsiderably. Many privacy advocates believe that it goes too far andthus erodes basic civil liberties. Some critics also fear that certainprovisions included in the act could easily be abused. Eamine some ofthe details of the Patriot Act and determine whether its measures are asextreme as its critics suggest. Are those measures consistent with thevalue of privacy, which Americans claim to embrace? Do privacy interestsneed to be reassessed, and possibly recalibrated, in light of ongoingthreats from terrorists?