Health Care Ethics for the Incarcerated

The US has the largest population of incarcerated people in the world, well over 2 million. That’s an issue in itself. But for our purposes, our focus is on the health care provided to those people. What do we owe to those people, given that they are being detained, and many are being punished? It is also important to note that incarceration generally makes people more likely to have psychological problems and also physical problems, either because of their treatment by others, the conditions where they stay, or their lack of freedom. A large proportion of the population have pre-existing conditions, both physical and psychological. During the pandemic, we became particular aware of the concerns about infectious disease in prisons and jails.We can certainly distinguish conservative and liberal positions regarding this population. We can also look at how other countries treat their incarcerated and what results they get. The utilitarian position is that we should aim for the best results, and it is an important to know what changes would lead to better results.
Website to access resource: https://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/249192/Prisons-and-Health,-3-Prison-specific-ethical-and-clinical-problems.pdf