Policing Exam

The question below must be answered in 3-4 pages, typed, double-spaced Times New Roman font, size 12.All citations and references must be compliant with APA format. Please use at least 5 academic sources from peer-reviewed scholarly journals in each response. You may consult https://www.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/resources-for/students for additional writing tips and guidelines on APA formatting.Your responses will be graded on whether you fully answered all elements of the question, organized your response with a clear and well-structured narrative, fully supported all of your points with appropriate in-text citations, and complied with the formatting requirements. Points will be taken off for deficiencies in any of these areas.You may use any appropriate sources you wish, but please note that excessive quoting (rather than paraphrasing where appropriate) will be cause for points being taken off.QuestionProcedural justice is often discussed in the context of routine police activities, like traffic stops. However, recent research indicates that police activities during protests can either enhance or undermine procedural justice, and that protesters may be more or less likely to respond to police with violence based on their perceptions of the level of procedural justice police display. Some of this research is attached to this exam.For this exam, write an essay defining procedural justice and then suggesting at least three specific changes to the NYPD’s protocols on policing protests in New York City that would enhance procedural justice and reduce the likelihood of violence toward police during protests. You should provide detail on both the suggested policy/protocol changes, and reasons you believe these changes will enhance procedural justice in a way that will reduce violence. Cite at least three academic or government sources to defend your proposals. You may count the sources I have provided toward this minimum.You may find the following reports on how NYPD handled last summer’s protests following the death of George Floyd particularly helpful:Office of the Inspector General for the NYPD Report: https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doi/reports/pdf/2020/DOIRpt.NYPD%20Reponse.%20GeorgeFloyd%20Protests.12.18.2020.pdfState Attorney General Report: https://ag.ny.gov/sites/default/files/2020-nypd-report.pdfThe NYPD Patrol Guide may be found on its website, should you wish to refer to or edit specific provisions.Note: Do not suggest any changes to policing in general, or NYPD’s protocols that do not have a direct impact on how the Department handles policing of protests, or it will seriously negatively impact your grade. Answer the question asked. And a hint: I strongly recommend that you read the linked materials. Students who do so usually get full credit for their response