Sport and Mental Health

Using research evidence, critically address two of the following three propositions of Keyes’ (2002) dual continua model of mental illness and mental health: (a) athletes’ mental health is more than just the absence of mental illness; (b) athletes can flourish with a mental illness, and (c) athletes do not need to have a mental illness to have poor mental health. Cite research to substantiate your arguments. Equal weighting will be given to your answers for both propositions.
Relevant Articles:
Iasiello, M., & Van Agteren, J. (2020). Mental health and/or mental illness: A scoping review of the evidence and implications of the dual-continua model of mental health. Evidence Base, (1), 1. https://doi.org/10.21307/eb-2020-001 (Links to an external site.)
Keyes, C. L. (2002). The mental health continuum: From languishing to flourishing in life. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 207-222. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3090197 (Links to an external site.)
Manwell LA, Barbic SP, Roberts K, et al. (2015). What is mental health? Evidence towards a new definition from a mixed methods multidisciplinary international survey. BMJ Open. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-007079 (Links to an external site.)
Westerhof, G. J., & Keyes, C. L. (2010). Mental illness and mental health: The two continua model across the lifespan. Journal of Adult Development, 17(2), 110-119. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10804-009-9082-y
Küttel, A., Pedersen, A. K., & Larsen, C. H. (2021). To Flourish or Languish, that is the question: Exploring the mental health profiles of Danish elite athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 52, 101837. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101837
Breslin, G., Smith, A., Donohue, B., Donnelly, P., Shannon, S., Haughey, T. J., … & Leavey, G. (2019). International consensus statement on the psychosocial and policy-related approaches to mental health awareness programmes in sport. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 5(1), e000585. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2019-000585 (Links to an external site.)
Cicognani E. (2014) Social Well-Being. In: Michalos A.C. (eds) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_2797 (Links to an external site.)
Gulliver, A., Griffiths, K. M., & Christensen, H. (2012a). Barriers and facilitators to mental health helpseeking for young elite athletes: A qualitative study. BMC Psychiatry, 12, S35. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-12-157 (Links to an external site.)
Keyes, C. L. M. (1998). Social well-being. Social Psychology Quarterly, 61,121-140. https://doi.org/10.2307/2787065 (Links to an external site.)
Keyes, C. L. M. (2005). Mental illness and/or mental health? Investigating axioms of the complete state model of health. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 73(3): 539. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.73.3.539 (Links to an external site.)
Küttel, A., & Larsen, C. H. (2020). Risk and protective factors for mental health in elite athletes: a scoping review. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 13(1), 231-265. https://doi.org/10.1080/1750984X.2019.1689574 (Links to an external site.)
Lardon, M. T., & Fitzgerald, M. W. (2013). Performance enhancement and the sports psychiatrist. In D. Baron, C. Reardon, & S. Baron (Eds.), Clinical sports psychiatry: An international perspective (pp. 132–146). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
Moore, Z. E., & Gardner, F. L. (2011). Clinical sport psychology. In T. Morris & P. C. Terry (Eds.), The New Sport and Exercise Psychology Companion (pp. 381–401). Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology.
Robert J. Schinke, Natalia B. Stambulova, Gangyan Si & Zella Moore (2018). International Society of Sport Psychology Position Stand: Athletes’ mental health, performance, and development, International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16, 622-639. https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2017.1295557 (Links to an external site.)
Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 1069-1081. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.57.6.1069 (Links to an external site.)
Spain, D., Stewart, V., Betts, H. et al. Wheel of Wellbeing (WoW) health promotion program: Australian participants report on their experiences and impacts. BMC Public Health 21, 2037 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-12076-x (Links to an external site.)Van Slingerland, K. J., Durand-Bush, N., & Rathwell, S. (2018). Levels and prevalence of mental health functioning in Canadian university student-athletes. Canadian Journal of Higher Education/Revue canadienne d’enseignement supérieur, 48, 149-168. https://doi.org/10.7202/1057108ar